Kněžice is the first energy self-sufficient village in the production of heat and electricity within the Czech Republic.
Waste material is transformed into biogas and, combined with direct combustion of phytomass, forms a closed circle of energy that generates electricity for sale to the public and heat energy for local consumption of the town inhabitants.
In the first half of the 20th century, villagers required only as much energy as was required on the place where they lived and worked. They had feed for animals, good food for themselves, wood for the stove and ash back into the nature. With composted animal and plant waste replenished they nutrients for fields. Horses and stock cattle gave them a cheap and easily renewable tensile strength, independent of oil or natural gas. This, in its general scope created self-sufficiency of the region and the country.
Today, of course, is different time, but we also want to have a warm home, good quality food and the beautiful, unspoiled nature and in addition we want to put everything in line with the current trend of sustainable development.
A parliamentary hearing, titled “Building political will to one hundred percent renewable energy”, was organized by the World Future Council and the Climate Services Center, and took place in the European Parliament in Brussels. The two-day meeting was attended by over 40 leaders from around the world. The meeting was attended by Maciej Nowicki (the formore Minister of Environment of Poland), Rainer Hinrichs – Rahlwes (EREC), Torsten Wöllert (ES), Stefan Schurig (WFC), and many others. Among the many guests was also a representative of the Czech Republic – Milan Kazda, the mayor of Kněžice, which is titled as the only self-sustaining community within the Czech Republic.